• Gotzner, N. (2015). Establishing alternative sets. Dissertation, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.





  • Gotzner, N. & Benz, A. (2017). The best response paradigm and a comparison of different models of implicatures of complex sentences. Frontiers in Communication, 2 (21). doi: 10.3389/fcomm.2017.00021.
  • Gotzner, N. & Romoli, J. (2017). The scalar inferences of strong scalar terms under negative quantifiers and constraints on the theory of alternatives. Journal of Semantics. doi:<wbr></wbr>ffx016.

  • Benz, A. & Gotzner, N. (2017). Embedded Disjunctions and the Best Response Paradigm. Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung.
  • Tomlinson, J., Gotzner, N. & Bott, L. (2017). Intonation and pragmatic enrichment: How intonation constrains ad-hoc scalar inferences. Language and Speech, 60, 200-223.
  • Gotzner, N. & Spalek, K. (2017). The connection between focus and implicatures: Investigating alternative activation under working memory load. In F. Domaneschi & Pistoia-Reda, S. (Eds.) Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Approaches on Implicatures and Presuppositions, 175-198, Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Gotzner, N. & Spalek, K. (2016). The role of contrastive and non-contrastive associates in the interpretation of focus particles. Discourse Processes. DOI: 10.1080/0163853X.2016.1148981
  • Gotzner, N., Wartenburger, I. & Spalek, K. (2016). The impact of focus particles on the recognition and rejection of contrastive alternatives. Language and Cognition, 8, 59-95.
  • Gotzner, N. (2015). What's included in the set of alternatives? Psycholinguistic evidence for a permissive view. In: Csipak, E. & Zeijlstra, H. (ed.) Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung, 19, 232-247, Göttingen.
  • Spalek, K., Gotzner, N. & Wartenburger, I. (2014). Not only the apples. Focus-sensitive particles improve memory for information-structural alternatives. Journal of Memory and Language, 70, 68-84.
  • Gotzner, N. & Spalek, K. (2014). Exhaustive inferences and additive presuppositions: Interplay of focus operators and contrastive intonation. In J. Degen, M. Franke, and N. Goodman (Eds.), Proceedings of the Formal & Experimental Pragmatics Workshop, 7-13, Tübingen.
  • Benz, A. & Gotzner, N. (2014). Embedded implicatures revisited: Issues with the truth value judgement paradigm. In J. Degen, M. Franke, and N. Goodman (Eds.), Proceedings of the Formal & Experimental Pragmatics Workshop, 1-6, Tübingen.
  • Spalek, K., Gotzner, N. & Wartenburger, I. (2014). Small words, big impact: How the words 'even' and 'only' improve memory. Atomium Culture.
  • Sauerland U., & Gotzner N. (2013). Familial Sinistrals Avoid Exact Numbers. PLoS ONE 8(3): e59103. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059103
  • Gotzner, N., Spalek, K., Wartenburger, I. (2013). How pitch accents and focus particles aff ect the recognition of contextual alternatives. In M. Knauff , M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, and I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 2434-2440. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society, 2013.
  • Solt, S. & Gotzner, N. (2012). Experimenting with degree. In Anca Chereches (Ed.), Proceedings of SALT, 22, 166-187. Ithaca, New York.
  • Solt, S. & Gotzner, N. (2012). Who here is tall? Comparison classes, standards and scales. In SFB 833, Pre-Proceedings of the International Conference on Linguistic Evidence 2012, 79-83. Tübingen: Eberhard Karls Universität.
  • Gotzner, N. (2012). The role of language in color categorical perception. In Kosecki, K. & Badio, J.(eds.) Cognitive Processes in Language. Lodz Studies in Language, 25, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.



  • Gotzner, N., Barner, D. & Crain, S. (in revision). Disjunction triggers exhaustivity implicatures in 4- to 5-year-olds.
  • Gotzner, N. (in revision). The role of focus intonation in implicature computation: A comparison with only and also.
  • Gotzner, N. & Spalek, K. (in revision). The life and times of focus alternatives: Tracing the activation of alternatives to a focused constituent in language comprehension.
  • Leffel, T., Cremers, A., Gotzner, N. & Romoli, J. (in revision). Vagueness in implicature: The case of modified adjectives.